Description: Lecture, four hours. Requisites: courses 250A, 250B. Introduction to issues concerning empirical measurement of abstract constructs using both classical and modern empirical techniques. Hands-on approach allows students to develop practical experience. In addition to discussion of issues concerning reliability and validity, topics include exposure to analytic approaches, including item response theory, multiple regression, principal components analysis, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, path analysis, and structural equation modeling. S/U or letter grading.