Description: Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Historical examination of diverse racial and cultural roots of Chicanas and Chicanos. Utilizing theoretical frameworks of "mestizaje," "Aztlán," "indigenismo," "La Raza Cósmica," and "la tercera raíz," examination of some important groups who have contributed to formation of Mexican national culture. Development of race relations in Mexico during colonial period, with focus on analysis of Nahuas (Aztecs), Mixtecs, Spaniards, and African slave population. Analysis of Asian immigration to Mexico and California during national period, specifically examination of migration and adaptation experiences of Chinese, Japanese, and Punjabi-Indian immigrants. P/NP or letter grading.